Glossary

Effective mosquito barriers are required to keep hungry female mosquitoes from feeding on our blood an transmitting often devastating diseases.

Mosquito Barrier Glossary of Terms

AAA

Aedes albopictus, also known as the (Asian) tiger mosquito or forest mosquito, was originally a native of tropical and subtropical parts of Southeast Asia, however, in recent decades, it has moved on ships and spread far and wide. It is one of the most common mosquitoes in the United States today. It is identified by its black and white striped legs and small black and white striped body. The problem with this mosquito is that it likes to associate with humans rather than live in wetlands. It is responsible for transmitting many diseases including: the yellow fever virus, dengue fever, and Chikungunya fever, as well as several filarial nematodes such as Dirofilaria immitis. Aedes albopictus is capable of hosting the Zika virus and is considered a potential vector for Zika transmission among humans. This mosquito will lay its eggs near stagnant water or fresh water. The Asian tiger mosquito will bite a victim in a forest during the day, which is why it is also termed the forest day mosquito. These mosquitoes rest in the morning and evening and search for their hosts inside and outside of human dwellings. The bite of these mosquitoes is larger and more noticeable than the bites of other mosquitoes and, if they can, they will bite their human hosts more than once. These mosquitoes bite multiple hosts to get enough blood, which makes them particularly dangerous when it comes to disease transmission. In the U.S., the Asian tiger mosquito is considered an invasive species and is highly adaptable. Today, it ranges all over the South and Southwest in the U.S. all the way up to portions of Minnesota and in the East all the way up to Vermont and New Hampshire.

Aedes aegypti or the yellow fever mosquito is responsible for transmitting several tropical fevers including dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever viruses, and other diseases. The mosquito is native to Africa, but is now found in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. In the U.S., they are found from Florida as far west as Arizona and as far north as Kansas and Missouri up to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. These mosquitoes feed at dusk and dawn like other types of mosquitoes and they like to feed indoors and in shady areas or when the weather is cloudy. Because they are located in tropical and subtropical climates, they feed and spread disease all year long. The mosquitoes like to breed in stagnant water, such as old water in flower vases.

CCC
Chikungunya (pronunciation: \chik-en-gun-ye) virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. For those infected with the virus, the most common symptoms of chikungunya virus infection are fever and joint pain. Headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash are other symptoms that those infected may experience. Outbreaks of chikungunya virus occur in Asia, Africe and Europe. For the first time in 2013, there was an outbreak on a Caribbean island, which some fear will mean that the disease is being imported to North and South America. To protect yourself from chikungunya virus when travelling to areas that have had outbreaks, use common sense: where long sleeve shirts and long pants. Cover as much of your skin as possible with clothing, which should be sprayed with permethrin to repel mosquitoes. You can also buy clothes that have been laced with permethrin, which will last in the clothing for many washings. Never spray permethrin on your skin. For all exposed areas of your body, spray it with a DEET spray.

Culex quinquefasciatus aalso known as the southern house mosquito, is one of the most common mosquitoes in the United States and is typically found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a dangerous disease vector and spreads Wuchereria bancrofti, avian malaria, and arboviruses, which incldude St. Louis encephalitis virus, Western equine encephalitis virus, Zika virus, and West Nile virus. This mosquito flies at night to suck blood. The eggs it lays in standing water hatch and the larvae feed on organic material in the water and need five to eight days to develop into pupae, the next stage in mosquito development. After about 36 hours, it emerges from this stage as an adult. Depending on climate and conditions, the female will lay up to five so called rafts of eggs and each raft contains thousands of eggs. In the southern U.S., this mosquito is a vector for St. Louis encephalitis virus. This mosquito breeds profusely in dirty water and at optimum temperatures, it goes through its complete lifecycle in seven days.

MMM
Marlaria is a mosquito borne illness, a parasite. Fever, chills and flu-like symptoms are some of the things that people with malaria experience. If a malaria victim is not treated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2015 an estimated 214 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 438,000 people died, mostly children in the African Region. About 1,500 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year. The vast majority of cases in the United States are in travelers and immigrants returning from countries where malaria transmission occurs, many from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, according to the CDC. Other products that have proven effective to help prevent mosquito bites are

Mosquito bites—A mosquito bite is when a female mosquito bites you through your skin and draws out your blood. Your body reacts to the bite by releasing histamine in the area to combat things that the mosquito has released during the bite. The best way to prevent a mosquito bite is to use an effective insect spray containing a chemical called DEET. The higher percentage of DEET (up to 50% DEET) offers more and longer protection. Other products that are recommended by the CDC include: Picaridin, also known as KBR 3023, Bayrepel, and icaridin; Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD); IR3535; and 2-undecanone. The most effective way to prevent mosquito bites is to come indoors during the dawn and dust hours of the day. When you are outside, use clothing that is long-sleeved and long pants.

VVV
Vector borne transmission of disease—When medical professionals talk about vectors and disease, what they are talking about disease transmission by insects. A mosquito is considered a “vector” and it can become contaminated in some manner and carry a disease. When it bites a human, that disease being carried by the mosquito or vector can be passed on to the human.
WWW
West Nile virus–
ZZZ
Zika Virus—The Aedes species of mosquito carries the Zika virus when it is infected. These mosquitoes will bite a human day or night. There is no vaccine currently for the Zika virus. Typically, the person who is bitten by an infected mosquito and develops the Zika virus does not experience drastic symptoms. The tragedy of the Zika virus is that it can cause birth defects in the fetus of a pregnant woman. That is not the only way that a pregnant woman can get the Zika virus. If she has unprotected sex with someone during her pregnancy who has been infected with the Zika virus, she can develop it. Therefore, it is always wise to use condoms if you have been infected with the Zika virus. If a person is traveling to tropical and subtropical regions of the world where the Zika virus has been reported, he or she should wear condoms before having sex with a pregnant woman, where or not they have been diagnosed with the disease, just to be on the safe side.